We had a representative in the event, the architect and MBA Gabriela Paez, who shared her experience in this article:
In an atmosphere of enthusiasm, the meeting on solar photovoltaics took place on 9 and 10 June, organized by SolarPlaza and with several companies and sponsors as Jinko Solar, THESAN among others. Also there were representatives of the Cámara Argentina de Energías Renovables and several companies of the field.
The conference began with an overview of the global and regional situation by Josefin Berg, Senior Analyst Solar for the company IHS, who estimated that by 2020, the global energy matrix in Argentina will have an increasing percentage of renewable energies, and predicted an important future for the emerging countries that need to expand their capacity to promote growth in the region, diversifying the energy matrix, reduce the current cost of energy and comply with the agreements CO2 emission future. He further mentioned that, currently, Argentina has a matrix based primarily on the use of fossil fuels and hydroelectricity and the situation has been complicated due to years of drought and the volatility of fuel prices. Moreover, the remove of the subsidies by the state, make the country an interesting and potential market. In the region besides, Brazil and Chile have today 40 GW at the project stage and tender. Finally, among the benefits was also mentioned that the BCRA, the Central Bank of Argentina, is going to offer guarantees which makes it even more attractive sector, as one of the main limitations of Argentina currently is the dificulty of access to capital market and debt rating B-.
Afterwards, representatives of companies Jinko Solar, Huawei and Aldwych participated in a roundtable analyzing the sector where they spoke about the need for Argentina to set clear and transparent policies to develop this industry and also stressed the importance of creating a comprehensive plan to avoid repeating the mistakes made by other countries in the region, more specifically the case of Chile. They also mentioned that the global demand for solar energy has increased in recent years and is expected to continue to grow, although the US market went through a stage of stagnation, it is expected that the coming years will regrow as there will be greater availability of credit for renewable energy and could estimate a spillover effect in other Latin American countries.
They estimated that the proposal of the Argentine government to reach 8% of the power capacity in renewable energy by 2016 as very ambitious, as the most important projects are still in the bidding stage and also the access to financing market still has to be improved. Also the final price at which the Mw arrives will depend on that, which is estimated to get to between 80 and 100 dollars. Yet they augured an important growth in the field in Argentina and trust that the government will overcome this first stage of learning and lack of experience in the market of renewable energies.
The event also featured the participation of Marcelo Alvarez, president of the Cámara Argentina de Energías Renovables, who gave an overview of the regulatory framework in Argentina and stressed the need to build a model of distributive energy that is closer to the points of consumption, that will improve the quality of service, reduce losses and improve competition.
Alberto Cuter, Jinko Solar, presented the advances in the manufacture of photovoltaic modules that could reduce operating costs and maintenance. He also commented that in Europe there is a recycling plan of the modules and they recycle almost 98% of them and so far in Latin America there is no similar plan.
The issue of maintenance was the main axis of the discussion panel composed of representatives of Power Electronics, Enertis and SolarCentury who discussed again on the case of development in Chile and the impact that maintenance costs had on many projects affecting return the investment. At Atacama Desert is estimated that degradation occurs panels at 8 years and 25/30 years not as commonly estimated.
The day culminated with the representatives of Voltiq, JPC & amp panel; Associates with the representative of the World Bank who commented on the work done by the institution for the project of providing guarantees for the development of renewable energy, also said that so far the European investment funds have shown great interest in the sector because they want to understand more about the current situation in Argentina from the institutional point of view and to know which are the policies in the long term and expects that in the future such funds will seek to interact directly with private actors. He particularly highlighted the goals of the WB to contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions, working with the Argentine state and will have its litmus test next August with the opening of bids of this first section.